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of lecture from yesterday on political
- There is
evidence that K through 12 education tends to inculcate
standard political values for students.
identification with democracy, although vaguely
defined and often not critically examined.
on the value of freedom over equality.
identification with free enterprise and the American
of the existence of a supreme being, if not
inculcation into Christian thought.
values tend to be reinforced by agents of socialization
in the community.
- There is
evidence that higher education tends to break down some
of the earlier learning.
- But it
depends on the nature of the higher
national schools like Northwestern are most corroding
of parental, K 12, and community values.
diversity may account for why schools like Northwestern
also tend to produce students who are more liberal,
rather than conservative
Explaining political participation
Americans politically apathetic?
tend to vote at lower rates than citizens in other
with What? 7.2, page 222
Americans tend to participate more in other forms of
with What? 7.1, page 214
How can one explain political participation?
that multiple factors cause political participation.
is the dependent variable--that to be explained
explanatory factors are the independent variables, as
in this model
regression: the general model: Y = X1 + X2 + X3 + X4 +
X5 + X6 + X7
- Use a
model for explain that accommodates multiple factors.
pages 58 and 59, Dalton presents predictors of voting
turnout and campaign activity
these variables (turnout and campaign activity) are
not included in his data set.
regression is statistical method for assessing the
independent effects of a set of variables on a single
Y = Voting
+ Age + Male + Party attachment + Union attachment +
Political satisfaction + Left/Right
explanation would result in a multiple correlation
coefficient, R, of 1.0.
of perfection, the higher the R, the better the
effect of these independent variables is expressed
through regression coefficients, which state each
variable's effect on the dependent variable in the
* Gender (0 = female and 1 = male)
* Party attachment
* Union attachment
* Political satisfaction
* Left/Right Position
overall multiple correlation (R) = .42, not very high
Figures 3.1 and 3.2 in Dalton uses regression analysis to
assess the effect of different variables on political
technique to display the findings varies the thickness of
the arrows to indicate the strength of the
these graphs disclose some important differences between
and age are the strongest predictors to turnout in the
US and education is the only strong predictor to
- In the
other countries, party attachment is one of the
strongest predictors to both turnout and campaign
- These data
suggest that parties perform a more important role in
other countries in mobilizing the citizenry to
participate in politics than they do in the U.S., where
participation is more individually-motivated.
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